Eczema is the skin inflammation that is also known as dermatitis. It can affect at any age but kids are more vulnerable to eczema. And moreover if you have the family history of eczema and history of having skin allergies in the family then you have more chances of getting eczema.
Exact cause of eczema is not known but defect in the skin as well as immune system leads to this problem. Some form of eczema are caused by the soap, cosmetics and even this occur with the changes in environment, environmental allergens, temperature and humidity. Also some kind of psychological stress can also lead to eczema.
Dry and red skin with itching and burns is the common symptom of eczema. In extreme cases of eczema the blisters and oozing lesions may also get formed. Eczema may lead to scaly and dry skin.
Although it can affect any part of your body yet the face, insides of elbow, knees and ankles and neck are the most affected areas. In infants, eczema occurs on forehead, legs, scalp, neck, cheeks and forearms.
Atopic dermatitis is the most common of all types. Different types of eczema generally have almost similar symptoms.
People suffering from Atopic dermatitis has the itchy and inflamed skin. This type of eczema come and go with the trigger or the causative factor. The condition when occur in an infant prior to 1 years of age is called infantile eczema. Any kind of environmental factor like pollens, molds, or pollutants, chemicals in soap, detergents and perfumes, changes in the environment can cause the atopic dermatitis. This problem runs in the family and generally the person having asthma and hey fever in the family suffer from the problem of atopic dermatitis.
Contact eczema is a localized problem where the skin becomes red and itchy after coming in contact with allergen. Trigger can be any and differ from person to person. It is also known as allergic contact eczema or allergic contact dermatitis if caused by allergen and contact eczema is known as irritant contact eczema in case the trigger is irritant.
The cause of Seborrheic eczema is unknown. In this type of eczema oily, scaly, yellowish patches on the skin appears. Dandruff and craddle cap are the examples of this eczema. Itching may or may not associated with seborrheic eczema that runs in the family.
In Nummular eczema coin shaped patches of irritated skin appears that are very itchy and scaly. Arm, lower legs, back and buttocks are the common area where these Nummular eczema patches appear.
Neurodermatitis is also called lichen simplex chronicus. This starts with a very small itching area that on rubbing becomes large and very irritated. It is more common in women who are in 20-50 years of age.
Stasis dermatitis occurs in lower leg area and caused by the circulatory problem called venous insufficiency. Middle-age and elder people are more prone to this problem than any other age group. With itching the skin color changes to reddish brown. But if the problem persists then it can lead to blistering as well as oozing and lesions on the skin.
Dyshidrotic eczema occurs in the palm of hands and sole of feet with clear and deep blister and also known as vesicular palmoplantar dermatitis, dyshidrosis, or pompholyx. These blisters itch and burn baldy. It is more common in spring and summer period and occurs mostly in warmer climates. Both male and females have equal chances of getting the Dyshidrotic eczema.
Neem is very beneficial for treating eczema. Also with neem the outbreak as well as symptoms can be controlled. To treat it first of all know the type of allergens causing the problem. Neem contains two main anti-inflammatory substances called nimbin and nimbidin that treats the eczema. Neem also acts as analgesic (pain killer). So applying this on the affected area can ultimately leads to relief from extreme itching. Also the antibacterial properties of neem will stop any further infections.
*Note - Above mentioned symptoms may also be because of some other skin problems. So always consult your doctor.