Neem fruit is green in colour initially and gradually turns to yellow when fully ripened. A matured fruit is very fleshy and filled with sweetish fluid. Fruit contains 40-55% water content. Collection of fruits requires organized and planned plantation and collection efforts.
Types of Neem Fruit
For collection and storage purpose, neem fruits can be divided into four categories:
Forms of Neem Fruit
- Dry (upto10 % moisture)
- Semi-Dry (11-20% moisture)
- Fresh (about 50% moisture)
- Wet and damaged
Neem Fruit Processing
- Raw fruit
- Fruit extract
- Powdered fruit
- Neem fruit juice
Use of Neem Fruit in Industries
- Dehulling or Decortication
- Solvent Extraction or aqueous extraction
Neem fruit, pulp and extracts
are used to manufacture medicines and drugs curing diseases like
diabetes, leprosy, skin disorders, constipation etc.
Powdered form or extracts of fruits
are used to manufacture herbal shampoos, soaps, creams and ointments.
Compounds present in neem fruits
possess pest and insect repellent properties, therefore it is used on a
large scale to manufacture bio and natural insecticides and pesticides.
seeds are said to be used for wildlife
food. It is relatively non toxic to animals.